Page 2 The project begins
Page 3 Front end and doors
Page 4 Body framing
Page 5 Wheel tubs and more framing
Page 6 Door openings and more on the body
Page 7 The frame
Page 8 Steering, shocks and engine mounts
Page 9 CAD, lasercut parts and intake.
Page 10 Transmission and engine mounts.
Page 10 Roof and more on the frame.

Karkmotuning

 

 

Steering, shock absorbers and engine mounts.


Since the front suspension has been of the front steer variety (rack and pinion in the front of the axle),and we're going with steering box and idler arm in the rear of the axle, we're facing some problems with the ackerman angle. Easy as it seems, the knuckles or spindles are mounted on the wrong side, to bring the steering arms backward, instead of forward. Generally this is seen as bad practice, since the ackerman angle will be negative. In effect, if you'd just mount a steering rack behind the axle, connect it to the steering arms and calling it a day, the steering would act very badly driving in a turn.

Bending my mind around this issue, I have come up with a few solutions, some of which haven't been really practical. CNC machined idler arms were designed and ordered and they which would have worked. Some time ago, I happened to find a pic of a Mercedes w124 steering box.

In this pic the Mercedes box is upside down so the pitman arm can be seen. Since this resembled the cnc arms I had already ordered, I thought this might work, an additional benefit being that this is all factory made, which would make it feel safe to use.

The other day all the relevant details were measured, and a very exact sketch drawn up to test the geometry. According to the sketch, there should be no doubt that the ackerman will work as it's supposed to.

In the sketch the pitman and idler arms look like a V, but the measurements are correct and correspond to the actual parts.

It's taken a lot of thought to come up with this solution, but it is necessary since there is no room for a steering rack between the front axle and the grille.



Here's a pic of an experiment with the length of the outer tie rod. It has to be the right length to avoid bump steer. If it's too short, it will induce toe out during suspension travel going over a bump, if it is too long, it induces toe in, which is better, but still not desirable, so the right length is critical.

The rod in the pic has been tack welded into many different lengths for this experiment, and the final driveable version will not be made by welding two pieces of rod or pipe side by side like this.
(April 2022)

The tie rods were made by pairing Ford and Mercedes tie rod ends together with an adjustment sleeve.



To make a housing for the idler arm bushings, the inside diameter of a piece of steel tubing had to be slightly enlarged on a lathe.

Because the idler arm had to be inset into the frame to make for a good geometry, an 8" long doubler plate was welded into the center of the frame rail, and the idler arm bushing housing in turn welded to it. Then the "real" boxplate was welded to the frame and to the housing tube.
The last box plate not welded to the frame in this pic.



This is what the completed steering setup looks with all parts in place
(May 2022)

The rear shock absorber crossmember was made from a piece of used tube cut off of a friend's hot rod rod chassis, cut to fit the frame rails.
"That will work" was the thought. Drill a couple holes and just weld it in.

But no, we cant have a straight tube for a crossmember after all the work put into the rest of the chassis.



So. It was cut up and work started with a curve in the top.
Now, this seems to have some potential. A design was drawn on some paper, and then cutting commenced.

The result is a crooked piece of tubing, holes cut in the bottom to mount the top eyes of the shocks inside the tube.
3/4" wide flanges were added to the sides of the tube to make it look more like an original crossmember. The ends were also cut down about 5/8" making it sit lower to minimize the hump in the floor under the rear seat.



The new crossmember has the right kind of flow now, to fit in nicely.

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